What is autism spectrum disorder?

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a term for a group of developmental disorders described by:
  • Lasting problems with social communication and social interaction in different settings
  • Repetitive behaviors and/or not wanting any change in daily routines
  • Symptoms that begin in early childhood, usually in he first 2 years of life
  • Symptoms that cause the person to need help in his or her daily life
The term “spectrum” refers to the wide range of symptoms, strengths, and levels of impairment that people with ASD can have. The diagnosis of ASD now includes these other conditions:
  • Autistic disorder
  • Asperger’s syndrome
  • Pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified
What are the signs and symptoms of ASD?

Not all people with ASD will show all of these behaviors, but most will show several.
People with ASD may:
  • Repeat certain behaviors or have unusual behaviors
  • Have overly focused interests, such as with moving objects or parts of objects
  • Have a lasting, intense interest in certain topics, such as numbers, details, or facts
  • Be upset by a slight change in a routine or being placed in a new or overstimulating setting
  • Make little or inconsistent eye contact
  • Tend to look and listen less to people in their environment
  • Rarely seek to share their enjoyment of objects or activities by pointing or showing things to others
  • Respond unusually when others show anger, distress, or affection
  • Fail or be slow to respond to their name or other verbal attempts to gain their attention
  • Have difficulties with the back and forth of conversations
  • Often talk at length about a favorite subject but won’t allow anyone else a chance to respond or notice when others react indifferently
  • Repeat words or phrases that they hear, a behavior called echolalia
  • Use words that seem odd, out of place, or have a special meaning known only to those familiar with that person’s way of communicating
  • Have facial expressions, movements, and gestures that do not match what they are saying
  • Have an unusual tone of voice that may sound sing-song or flat and robot-like
  • Have trouble understanding another person’s point of view, leaving him or her unable to predict or understand other people’s actions
What are the treatments for ASD?

Treating ASD early and getting proper care can reduce a person’s difficulties and increase his or her ability to maximize strengths and learn new skills. While there is no single best treatment for ASD, working closely with the doctor is an important part of finding the right treatment program.


There are a few classes of medications that doctors may use to treat some difficulties that are common with ASD. With medication, a person with ASD may have fewer problems with:
  •  Irritability
  • Aggression
  • Repetitive behaviors
  • Hyperactivity
  • Attention problems
  • Anxiety and depression

Clayton Behavioral Psychiatrists who treat asperger's in adults

Clayton Behavioral Psychiatrists who treat asperger's in children and adolescents

Clayton Behavioral Therapist who treat asperger's in adults

Clayton Behavioral Therapists who treat asperger's in children and adolescents

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